A cover letter is:
- an introduction and accompaniment to your resume. It highlights specific experiences and skills to show your value to an organization.
- written specifically for each position, not a generic, one-size-fits all letter.
- an example of your writing and communication abilities. Write it right and write it well.
Types of Cover Letters
To Advertised Listings
This type of letter is written in response to a specific opening/position. It should, whenever possible, be addressed to a specific person. Read the job posting/description closely and tailor your resume to highlight your experiences to their desired qualifications and qualities. Use specific examples to show you are a good fit.
Think about your objective and communicate that to the recipient. Although not responding to a specific posting, the letter should be tailored to the company to which you are sending it and be specific in citing common qualities and goals. Address the letter to a specific person, even if it is the Director of Human Resources.
When writing your letter, do:
- write an original letter for each employer and position.
- show that you know your career goals and how they relate to the position.
- communicate how you will fit in the company and will contribute to its mission.
- demonstrate originality and enthusiasm.
- proofread your letter.
- use paper that matches your resume.
- follow up with an employer if you hear nothing after a couple of weeks.
- use a generic letter.
- make the letter more than one page.
- exaggerate your skills or experience.
- include information that is unrelated to the posting.
- reiterate the company's mission statement.
- have any spelling errors.
List of References
Employers like to speak with references who can attest to you as an employee, so current or previous supervisors or employers are best. Also, business acquaintances, professors, advisors, coaches or customers can all provide references. If you volunteer, consider using leaders or other members of the organization as a reference.
Ask your references if they would be willing to be listed as a reference for you before you include them on your resume. Provide them a current resume so they have a broader view of your qualifications. If during an interview an interviewer indicates s/he will be contacting you references, let your references know to expect a call. Also provide information about the position and organization. Choose 3-5 references. Print them on quality paper that matches you resume.
What information to include:
- Address (street, city, state, zip)
- Work Phone
- Cell Phone (if provided by reference)